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The statue of Princess Wilhelmina (1880-1962; Queen of the Netherlands from 1898 to 1948), in the park named after her, was unveiled in October 1955 by her daughter Juliana, who was on the throne at the time.

History & Culture of Aruba

You’ll find traces of Aruba’s history and culture on cave walls, pastel facades, and the faces of our happy people.

The statue of Princess Wilhelmina (1880-1962; Queen of the Netherlands from 1898 to 1948), in the park named after her, was unveiled in October 1955 by her daughter Juliana, who was on the throne at the time.

From our ancient Caiquetio Indian roots, through Spanish and Dutch rule, to our modern day standing as a constituent country of the Netherlands, Aruba’s history dates back centuries.

It’s what’s made us the proud, diverse collection of over 90 unique nationalities – a melting pot of people all living happily together, welcoming new visitors and old friends with a sunny smile and warm embrace.


Come visit the Historic monuments of Bushiribana Gold Mill Ruins in Aruba.

Experience remnants of Aruba's gold history at various sites throughout the island, including gold mines and gold mills.…

Aruba’s history isn’t confined to a museum. It’s embedded in the features of every smiling face. It’s sculpted deeply into the rocks and gold mill ruins and Oranjestad sculptures that have endured for generations. Historic vacations to Aruba bring you face to face with our incredible story. View our historical vacation packages, or build your Aruba historical vacation to explore the centuries and stories of our happy home.

More about History & Culture

Aerial shot of Bushiribana Gold Mill Ruins in Aruba


Learn a bit about Aruba’s past and how it has shaped the unique island we know today.

Aruba Flag

The flag of Aruba was officially adopted on March 18, 1976, along with the official anthem "Aruba Dushi Tera".

Local fisherman in Aruba

People of Aruba

Our friendly people and our penchant for hospitality play a key role in bringing visitors back to Aruba year after year.

Front view of the Alto Vista Chapel in Aruba

Practiced Religions in Aruba

Most Arubans are Catholic; however, there are many other religions harmoniously coexisting here.

Aruba's 64th Carnival Celebration

Carnival in Aruba

With its contagious music and electrifying vibe, Carnival is Aruba’s biggest party of the year—and you’re invited!

Two booth attendants at the information booth in Oranjestad.

Aruba Tourism

With perfect weather, gracious hospitality, and spectacular beaches, it’s no wonder Aruba is synonymous with tourism.

Mural of peacock in San Nicolas

Arts & Culture in Aruba

Aruba’s culture comes alive in the spirited rhythms, art, and dance that fill our streets, homes, galleries, and hearts.

View of the Hooiberg from top of the Casibari Rock Formation
Sightseeing & Tours in Aruba
Sunshine ray from the inside of the Quadirikiri Cave
Natural Wonders in Aruba

Learn More About Aruba's History & Culture

Archaeological Museum in Aruba

Go Back in Time

Throwback Thursdays: History of Aruba

In the Fontein cave situated in the Arikok National Park and at the Ayo Rock Formation you can see the Arawak drawings and carvings.


Aruba Art Fair has officially launched with a Micro Art Fair

Aruba Art Fair - Official Launch

Featured Historical and Cultural Activities

San Nicolas now boosts a brand new Museum of Industry (opened September 2016) and a soon to open Community Museum in the newly restored Nicolaas Store in Aruba.


San Nicolas Community Museum


Archaeological Museum

The Museum of Industry tells the remarkable story of the industrial development on Aruba during the last two centuries


Museum of Industry

Sideview of the Fort Zoutman tower in Aruba


Fort Zoutman Historical Museum


Arikok National Park Aruba


Gold Mine Ranch Aruba

We’re just getting started with the amazing things The Aruba Effect has to offer. Dig into your trip details below to unlock a Caribbean experience that will leave you sunnier, happier, and (of course) a little more tan.

Find your Aruba Effect


myAruba planner

Save your favorite places and experiences to a custom itinerary you can manage while you're visiting the island: Start Planning